Journal of College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (JCPSP), is the prestigious, peer reviewed monthly biomedical journal of the country published regularly since 1991. College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan is the parent body of this Journal.


The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan (CPSP) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide credits to educational activities.

CPSP designates '3 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits' for review of the manuscript of an original study.


Latest Articles
Volume 29 | Issue 5 | May 2019
Community Screening for Diseases – A Useful Public Health Tool

By Tahir Masood Ahmad

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Comparing the Efficacy of Oral Chloroquine versus Oral Tetracycline in the Treatment of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis

By Fahmida Malik, Malik Muhammad Hanif, Ghulam Mustafa

Objective: To compare the efficacy of oral chloroquine versus oral tetracycline in the treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis (CL). Study Design: Interventional comparative study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Dermatology, Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Rahim Yar Khan, from July 2017 to Janua...

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Effect of Prophylactic Ilioinguinal Neurectomy on Postoperative Groin Pain Following Lichenstein Hernioplasty

By Atif Sharif, Tasleem Akhtar, Mumtaz Akhtar, Irfan Malik, Muhammad Hanif, Naeem Zia

Objective: To compare mean postoperative pain post-Lichenstein open hernioplasty with and without ilioinguinal neurectomy at six months. Study Design: Randomised controlled trail. Place and Duration of Study: Surgical Unit-I, Benazir Bhutto Hospital, Rawalpindi, from August 2014 to February 2015....

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Effect of Flap Fixation Technique in Modified Radical Mastectomy on Incidence of Postoperative Seroma Formation

By Erum Najeeb, Rakhshanda Rashid, Shaista Zaffar

Objective: To determine the efficacy of flap fixation technique on formation of postoperative seroma after modified radical mastectomy. Study Design: Quasi-experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: General Surgery Department, PIMS Hospital, Islamabad, from August 2014 to February 2015. M...

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Comparison of Efficiency of TACE plus HIFU and TACE alone on Patients with Primary Liver Cancer

By Yuju Luo, Yu Jiang

Objective: To compare efficiency of trans-arterial chemo-embolization (TACE) plus high intensity focused ultrasound (HIFU), and TACE alone on patients with primary liver cancer. Study Design: A descriptive, analytical study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Ultrasound, Daqing Oilfield G...

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Distribution of HLA-B*27 Subtypes in Patients with Ankylosing Spondylitis in Local Population

By Noor Afshan Lodhi, Muhammad Mukarram Bashir, Hamid Nawaz Tipu, Muhammad Hussain

Objective: To compare the distribution of HLA-B*27 subtypes in healthy controls and in ankylosing spondylitis (AS) patients of different ethnic groups from Pakistan. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Armed Forces Institute of Pathology, Rawalpindi, Pakistan, from April...

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Effect of Irbesartan on Oxidative Stress and Serum Inflammatory Factors in Renal Tissues of Type 2 Diabetic Rats

By Xingang Zhao, Dongbin Yang, Weiwei Xu, Wen Xu, Zhengdong Guo

Objective: To determine the effect of irbesartan on the activity of oxidative stress parameters of glutathione (GSH), superoxide enzyme (SOD) and malondialdehyde (MDA), and concentration of serum inflammatory factors of macrophage chemokine-1 (MCP-1), intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and...

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Retinal Ganglion Cell Complex Changes after Intravitreal Bevacizumab for Diabetic Macular Edema

By Muhammad Shaheer, Arooj Amjad, Zubair Saleem

Objective: To measure the changes in ganglion cell complex as measured on optical coherence tomography (OCT) after intravitreal injection of bevacizumab (Avastin). Study Design: Quasi-experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Ophthalmology, Lahore General Hospital, Lahore, fr...

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Efficacy of Subconjunctival Injection of Bevacizumab in Regressing Corneal Neovascularisation

By Syed Shujaat Ali Shah

Objective: To determine the efficacy of subconjunctival injection of bevacizumab in regressing corneal neovascularisation. Study Design: Case series. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Ophthalmology, Chandka Medical College and Hospital, SMBBMU, Larkana, Pakistan, from October 2015 to Mar...

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Frequency of Asthma and Atopic Diseases in Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Celiac Disease

By Fatma Yavuzyilmaz, Sebnem Ozdogan, Nafiye Urganci, Merve Kesim Usta

Objective: To compare the frequency of asthma and allergic diseases in patients with inflammatory bowel disease and Celiac disease using international study of asthma and allergies in childhood questionnaire. Study Design: Cross-sectional, descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Pediatric...

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Comparison of Graft Survival between Fat Harvested from Abdomen and Medial Thigh for Facial Contour Deformity: A Randomised Control Trial

By Shohreh Ahmadi, Abdul Malik Mujahid, Husnain Khan, Farrukh Aslam Khalid, Muhammad Saleem, Muhammad Younas Mehrose

Objective: To compare the graft survival between fat harvested from abdomen and medial thigh for facial contour deformity. Study Design: Randomised control trial (RCT) . Place and Duration of Study: Jinnah Burn and Reconstructive Surgery Center, Lahore, from October 2015 to April 2017. Methodolo...

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Efficacy of Unibody Bifurcated Endovascular Stent-Graft Repair in the Treatment of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

By Chaohai Shi, Quan Chen

Objective: To compare the clinical efficacy of unibody bifurcated endovascular stent-graft repair versus conventional open surgery for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA). Study Design: Interventional study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Vascular Surgery, Gansu Province People's Hos...

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Efficacy of Catheter-directed Thrombolysis on Post-burn Deep Venous Thrombosis of Lower Extremity

By Guozheng Gao, Shugang Zhu, Zhen Xie, Jiasen Wang, Baohong Yao

Objective: To observe the clinical effect of catheter-directed thrombolysis on deep venous thrombosis (DVT) of lower extremity after burn. Study Design: An observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Invasive Technology Department, Binzhou City Center Hospital, China, from January 2015 to ...

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Effect of Phototherapy on Neutrophil VCS Parameters and White Blood Cells

By Nilgün Altuntas, Özlem Ceylan Dogan, Fatih Mehmet Kislal

Objective: To investigate the effect of phototherapy (PT) on WBC parameters and neutrophil volume, conductivity and scatter (VCS) parameters. Study Design: Comparative cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Keçiören Training and Research Hospital, Turkey, from October 201...

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Bosniak Classification and other Variables in the Prediction of Renal Cystic Masses

By Bugra Keseroglu, Berat Cem Ozgur, Sedat Tastemur, Lokman Irkilata, Ömer Gökhan Doluoglu, Cem Nedim Yücetürk

Objective: To evaluate the variables of cystic renal lesions to predict the renal tumors. Study Design: An observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Urology Department, Ankara Yüksek Ihtisas, Samsun Research and Training Hospitals, Turkey, from January 2013 to June 2017. Methodology...

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Influenza Virus Subtyping by Multiplex PCR during Winter Months of 2017-2018

By Misbah Noor, Saif Ullah Khan Niazi, Nadia Tayyab, Syed Adeel Gardezi, Eijaz Ghani, Muhammad Tahir Khadim

Objective: To determine the frequency of infections caused by Influenza viruses, i.e. Influenza A (H1N1) pdm09, Influenza A (H3N2) and Influenza B in patients presenting with respiratory tract infections, i.e. influenza-like illness (ILI) and severe acute respiratory illness (SARI). Study Design:...

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Developing an Assessment-of-Clinical-Exodontia-Skills (ACES) Rating Scale for Undergraduate Dental Students

By Omer Sefvan Janjua, Abid Ashar, Tanzeela Khalid

Objective: To develop assessment-of-clinical-exodontia-skills (ACES) rating scale for formative and summative assessment of undergraduate dental students performing exodontia. Place and Duration of Study: Faisalabad Medical University, Faisalabad, from May 2017 to February 2018. Methodology: A pr...

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Myocardial Ischemia Presenting with Hiccups

By Shi-Min Yuan

Myocardial infarction/ischemia can be an underlying etiology and a major causative risk factor of cardiovascular hiccups. The objective of this systematic review was to review the literature regarding clinical features and treatments of hiccups of cardiac ischemia origin. PRISMA guidelines were fo...

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Myasthenia Gravis as a Cause of Failed Extubation Diagnosed by Diaphragmatic Ultrasound

By Priya Ramakrishnan, Shahla Siddiqui

Myasthenia Gravis (MG) is an autoimmune disease of the neuromuscular junction which results in generalised weakness. Presentation varies and can often be delayed as the course is waxing and waning. We report the case of an elderly patient who was admitted with severe cholangitis. The patient requi...

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Management of Leakage into the Abdomen due to the Involvement of Jejunum in the Incision Line

By Seracettin Egin

Here, we present the management of a patient, developing severe peritonitis due to laceration of the jejunum, involving sutures applied to facial layers after anterior resection for adenocarcinoma of the sigmoid colon. The patient, an 83-year woman, was operated by anterior resection, and relaparo...

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Anal Extrusion of a Ventriculoperitoneal Shunt

By Omer Furkan Turkis, Ali Karadag, Erik H. Middlebrooks, Mehmet Senoglu

Ventriculoperitoneal shunt (VPS) placement is an effective and most frequently used surgical method in the treatment of hydrocephalus, but the mechanical and infective complications are often seen after this surgical procedure. Bowel perforation after VPS surgery is rarely seen complication that i...

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Anterograde Reconstruction of Severe Bi-Canalicular Obstruction with Autogenous Saphenous Vein Graft: A Novel Surgical Technique

By Teyyeb Azeem Janjua, Bushra Akbar

Severe lacrimal canalicular obstruction mandates a bypass surgery of conjunctivo dacryocystorhinostomy with Lester Jones tube or alternatively retrograde intubation and pseudopunctum generation with conventional, dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR). However, in each case, the natural pathway is violated a...

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Prenatal Diagnosis of β-thalassemia with Cell-free Fetal DNA in Maternal Plasma

By Lijian Zhao, Xuxia Liang, Haini Huang, Huihua Lan, Xin Wu, Chenhong Wang

The aim of this study was to explore the feasibility of non-invasive prenatal genetic diagnosis of β-thalassemia with small fragments of cell-free fetal DNA (cffDNA) in peripheral blood of pregnant women. It was an observational study carried out at Department of Obstetrics, The People's...

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Need of Physical and Chemical Restraints: Experiences at Inpatient Psychiatric Ward in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan

By Humera Saeed, M. Shameel Khan, Syeda Maheen Batool, Asma Akbar Ladak, Nadia Karim, Rabeeka Aftab

In psychiatry, agitated / aggressive patients are often treated with de-escalation techniques. If this does not work, physical or chemical restrains are required; but in the event of resistance, seclusion is applied. We report the findings of baseline study of experiences of physical and chemical ...

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Gastric-type Enteric Duplication Cyst in the Tail of a Bifid Pancreas in Association with Complete Intestinal Malrotation

By Muhammad Awais, Abdul Rehman, Noor Ul-Ain Baloch

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PCR Cloning: New Parameters for Managing Alzheimer's Dementia

By Asra Khan, Rehana Rehman, Saara Ahmad

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Successful Central Neurocytoma Management: A Rare Brain Tumor

By Nazeer Ahmed Qureshi, Uzma Zahid

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Lady Health Workers: Impact on Knowledge of Modern Contraceptive Methods

By Shahana Nisar, Maria Khan, Uzma Nisar

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Special Issue

Special Supplement 3 | Volume 28 | September 2018
Anaesthetic Management of a Patient with Left Ventricular Non-Compaction Undergoing Laparotomy

By Anwar ul Huda, Tauseef Ahmed

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Senning Procedure for Transposition of the Great Arteries in a Patient with Situs Inversus Totalis and Dextrocardia

By Iqbal Hussain Pathan, Sohail Khan Bangash, Saad Bader Zaki, Abdul Sattar Sheikh

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Patent Ductus Arteriosus with Infective Vegetations in Grandmultipara

By Ayesha Siddiqa, Nasira Sohail

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Large Aneurysm in Renal Angiomyolipoma

By Ateeque Ahmed Khan, Samiya Saquib, Rabia Hafeez, Sarosh Kadri

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MRI Appearances of Colitis Cystica Profunda: A Rare Benign Mimicker of Colorectal Malignancy

By Laiba Masood, Sana Sayeed, Maryam Asghar

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Massive Osteolysis in Distal Shaft of Humerus: A Case Report on Vanishing Bone Disease

By Sana Noman, Seema Faiz, Sohail Ahmed Khan, Amjad Sattar

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Acrophobia in a Young Girl with Parathyroid Hormone Resistance (Pseudohypoparathyroidism)

By Mehwish Gilani, Asif Ali Memon, Naveed Asif, Nida Basharat

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Thiamine Responsive Megaloblastic Anaemia, Diabetes Mellitus and Sensorineural Hearing Loss in a Child

By Ayesha Khurshid, Sarah Fatima, Chaudhry Altaf, Hamid Saeed Malik, Zunera Sajjad, Muhammad Tahir Khadim

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An Unusual Presentation of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

By Usama Rehman, Zafar Ali, Nadira Mamoon

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Invasive Community Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcal Aureus (CA-MRSA) Infections in Children

By Muhammad Khalid, Samina Junejo, Fatima Mir

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Endovascular Aortic Repair for Thoracic Aortic Injuries

By Omer Ehsan, Usama Khalid Choudry, Atif Rana, Zahid Amin Khan

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Cerebral Abscess caused by Novel Species: Streptococcus Pluranimalium

By Abeera Ahmed, Gohar Zaman, Adeel Gardezi, Luqman Satti, Nargis Sabir, Aliya Haleem

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Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Associated with Severe Micrognathia

By Muhammad Nazir Khan, Muhamamd Adil Asim, Irfan Shah

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Multidisciplinary Approach for Management of a Patient with Oral Mucosal Malignant Melanoma

By Prashanti Eachempati, Himanshi Aggarwal, Vidya Kamalaksh Shenoy, Mohan Baliga

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Proximal Tibial Osteochondroma Leading to Chronic Compartment Syndrome

By Jitendra Wadhwani, Sumedha Vashishth, Ramchander Siwach, Rajesh Rohilla

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Mabry Syndrome in a Child of South Asian Descent

By Amir Humza Sohail, Muhammad Younus Khan Durrani, Shahnaz Hamid Ibrahim, Khadija Nuzhat Humayun

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Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia – Early Childhood Presentation with Hepatic Failure

By Syeda Shaheera Hashmi, Nighat Haider, Munir Iqbal Malik

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Enzyme Replacement Therapy in Hypophosphatasia

By S. Ahmet Uçaktürk, Selin Elmaogullari, Sevim Ünal, Deniz Gönülal, Eda Mengen

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Hybrid Lesion of Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation and Bronchopulmonary Sequestration

By Arshad Khushdil, Raazia Nawaz, Asma Razzaq, Naveed Ahmed

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Hybrid Lesion: Extralobar Sequestration with Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation – Misdiagnosed as Pulmonary Tuberculosis

By Fatima Naumeri, Muhammad Nadeem Sajjad

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Single Bilateral Undivided TRAM Flap for a Bilateral Breasts Reconstruction Including Intermammary Presternal Skin Defect Coverage

By Junaid Ahmad, Roomana Akhlaque, Moazzam Nazeer Tarar

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Effects of Combined Aerobic and Virtual Reality-Based Cognitive Training on 76 Years Old Diabetic Male with Mild Cognitive Impairment

By Raana Ali Mirza, Irum Yaqoob

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A Case Study on the Effectiveness of Cognitive and Behavioural Approaches for Diabetic Patient with Cardiac Disease

By Asiya Khalid, Mahwesh Arooj Naz

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Gunshot Injury of Head and Neck Region with an Atypical Bullet Trajectory: The Importance of Whole Body Computed Tomography Scan

By Yusuf Velioglu, Ahmet Yuksel, Baris Durgun

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Paratesticular Adenomatoid Tumors

By Ahmet Urkmez, Serkan Akan, Emrah Ozsoy, Aytac Sahin, Orhan Koca, Metin Ishak Ozturk

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A Case of Multiple Myeloma with Triple Herpes Virus Infections

By Misbah Noor, Saifullah Khan Niazi, Fatima Sana, Syed Kamran Mahmood

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HIV Negative Penile Kaposi's Sarcoma in Circumcised Men

By Ahmet Urkmez, Serkan Akan, Emrah Ozsoy

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