Journal of College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan (JCPSP), is the prestigious, peer reviewed monthly biomedical journal of the country published regularly since 1991. College of Physicians and Surgeons Pakistan is the parent body of this Journal.


The College of Physicians and Surgeons of Pakistan (CPSP) is accredited by the Accreditation Council for Continuing Medical Education (ACCME) to provide credits to educational activities.

CPSP designates '3 AMA PRA Category 1 Credits' for review of the manuscript of an original study.


Latest Articles
Issue 3 | Volume 29 | March 2019
Simulation in Surgery

By Tanwir Khaliq, Qurrat Al Ain Atif

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Stress Response to Propofol versus Isoflurane Anesthesia in Patients Undergoing Gastric Surgery

By Yan Wu, Le Zhang, Gang Yin, Yishu Liu, Li Chen

Objective: To compare the effects of propofol and isoflurane anesthesia on cortisol, insulin, and blood glucose levels surrounding operation period in patients undergoing gastric surgery. Study Design: An experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: The Department of Anesthesiology, Hubei Can...

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Hypertensive Retinopathy: A Prognostic Factor for Morbidity and Mortality after Acute ST Elevation Myocardial Infarction

By Muhammad Saad Jibran, Syed Abid Habib, Sher Bahadar Khan

Objective: To determine the association between hypertensive retinopathy (HR) and post ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) complications among successfully thrombolysed patients. Study Design: A cohort study. Place and Duration of Study: Cardiology Unit, Lady Reading Hospital, Peshawar, fr...

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Coincidence of Dental Midline with Facial Midline in a Sample of Pakistani Population

By Mehwish Khan, Syed Murtaza Raza Kazmi

Objective: To determine the frequency of coincidence of facial and dental midlines in a sample of Pakistani subjects. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Prosthodontics, Fatima Jinnah Dental College and Hospital, Karachi, from October to December 2017. ...

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Effects of Desloratadine Citrate Disodium on Serum Immune Function Indices, Inflammatory Factors and Chemokines in Patients with Chronic Urticaria

By Juan Wang, Yiding Zhao, Xiaoning Yan

Objective: To determine the effects of desloratadine citrate disodium on serum immunological function indices (IgE, C3 and C4), inflammatory factors (IL-4, IL-17 and IL-33), and chemokines (MCP-1, RANTES and Eotaxin) in patients with chronic urticaria. Study Design: An experimental study. Place ...

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Effects of Liraglutide Combined with Insulin on Oxidative Stress and Serum MCP-1 and NF-kB Levels in Type 2 Diabetes

By Xia Liu, Jinwen Huang, Jiawei Li, Qinghua Mao, Jirui He

Objective: To investigate the effects of liraglutide combined with insulin on oxidative stress and expression levels of serum monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP-1) and nuclear factor-kB (NF-kB) in patients with type 2 diabetes. Study Design: An experimental study. Place and Duration of Study...

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Effect of Ultrasound Debridement on Serum Inflammatory Factors and bFGF, EGF Expression in Wound Tissues

By Qiuping Zou, Weiping Wang, Qinghua Li, Jiean Liu, Tianming Xu, Xinmin Zhao

Objective: To determine the effect of ultrasonic debridement on serum inflammatory factors of procalcitonin (PCT), highsensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP), red blood cell deposition rate (ESR) content, and expression levels of wound tissue basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and epidermal gr...

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Less Invasive Surfactant Administration in Preterm Infants with Respiratory Distress Syndrome

By Alia Halim, Haider Shirazi, Sadia Riaz, Syeda Shireen Gul, Wahid Ali

Objective: To compare the need of mechanical ventilation between LISA (less invasive surfactant administration) method and conventional INSURE method (INtubation SURfactant administration and Extubation) in spontaneously breathing preterm infants with respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). Study De...

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Effect of Magnesium Sulfate Combined with Phentolamine and Nifedipine for Gestational Hypertension and Serum Levels of LIF and Apelin

By Jie Wen, Xiaojing Li

Objective: To investigate the effect of magnesium sulfate combined with phentolamine and nifedipine for the treatment of gestational hypertension and on the levels of serum LIF and Apelin. Study Design: An experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Obstetrics and Gynecology Clinics, The Aff...

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Differential Expression of Placental Growth Factor, Transforming Growth Factor-β and Soluble Endoglin in Peripheral Mononuclear Cells in Preeclampsia

By Zaima Ali, Zaima Ali, Saba Khaliq, Saima Zaki, Hafiz Usman Ahmad, Khalid Pervaiz Lone

Objective: To measure the peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) mRNA expression of placental growth factor (PlGF), Transforming growth factor beta (TGF-β), and soluble Endoglin (sEng) in the blood of preeclamptic and normotensive pregnant women. Study Design: Cross-sectional analytical ...

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Expression of Snail and E-cadherin in Drug-resistant MCF-7/ADM Breast Cancer Cell Strains

By Fenglin Cai, Hualin Xiao, Yuting Sun, Dongfeng Wang, Jinhai Tang

Objective: To investigate the expression of zinc finger transcription factors-Snail and E-cadherin in adriamycin-resistant human breast cancer MCF-7/ADM cells and non-resistant MCF-7 cells. Study Design: An experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Nanjing...

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Surgical Outcomes of Idiopathic Macular Epiretinal Membrane Peeling

By Uzma Haseeb, Aziz Ur Rehman, Abdul Fattah Memon, Muhammad Haseeb, Nasir Memon

Objective: To evaluate the surgical outcomes of idiopathic macular epiretinal membrane (IERM) peeling in terms of visual acuity and macular thickness. Study Design: Observational cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Al-Ibrahim Eye Hospital, Karachi, from June 2017 to February 2018....

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Inhaled Glucocorticoid with or without Tiotropium Bromide for Asthma-Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Overlap Syndrome

By Hailing Xu, Xiaoxia Lu

Objective: To compare the efficacy of inhaled glucocorticoid with or without tiotropium bromide in the treatment of patients with asthma-chronic obstructive pulmonary disease overlap syndrome (ACOS). Study Design: An experimental study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Respiratory Medic...

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Zinc Deficiency is Associated with Poor Glycemic Control

By Muhammad Farooq

Objective: To assess the level of zinc in type 2 diabetes mellitus and its relation to glycemic control. Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Medicine, Dallah Hospital, Riyadh, KSA, from May 2014 to June 2015. Methodology: This study employed...

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Pediatric Malignant Mediastinal Masses

By Rahat-ul-Ain Kashif, Mahwish Faizan, Saadia Anwar

Objective: To describe the clinical spectrum and outcome-associated variables of pediatric malignant mediastinal masses in a resource-limited setting. Study Design: Descriptive study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Pediatric Hematology-Oncology, The Children's Hospital, Lahore, f...

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All-Seeing-Access Sheath: A Novel Fluoroscopy-Free Placement Technique in Retrograde Intrarenal Surgery

By Musa Ekici, Berat Cem Ozgur, Aykut Bugra Senturk, Arzu Akdagli Ekici, Cemil Aydin, Mehmet Murat Baykam

Objective: To evaluate the safety and effectiveness of fluoroscopy-free RIRS (Retrograde intrarenal surgery) method in urolithiasis. Study Design: An observational study. Place and Duration of Study: Department of Urology, Hitit University Corum Training and Research Hospital, Corum, Turkey, fro...

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Comparison of Outcomes between Fractional-Flow-Reserveand Angiography-Directed Intervention in Non-ST Elevation Acute Coronary Syndrome

By Yang Jianjun, Pang Xiaohua, Tu Xuemei, Huang Gang, Wang Hailong

Among the sick patients suffering from non-ST segment elevation acute coronary syndrome (NSTEACS), the accuracy of fractional flow reserve (FFR)-directed percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) or coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is still ambiguous. Studies were obtained from PubMed, Embase...

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MRI Findings of Borderline Retroperitoneal Serous Cystadenocarcinoma

By Gurcan Erbay, Elif Karadeli, Alper Parlakgumus

Retroperitoneal serous cystadenocarcinoma is an extremely uncommon lesion. Here, we present MR imaging findings of a 40-year woman who was admitted to the hospital due to abdominal pain. The patient was evaluated with abdominal Computed Tomography (CT) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI). Abdomin...

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Impaction of Phytobezoar at Meckel's Diveticulum

By Mohammad Masood Ur Rauf Hiraj Khan, Junaid Zia Hashmi, Naeem Lateef, Moazam Mumtaz, Farah Saleem

Small bowel obstruction secondary to phytobezoars is a rare presentation in surgery. These are masses of undigested food and vegetables, which obstruct the narrowest part of gut. We discuss a case of a young patient presenting in emergency department with history of acute abdominal pain, distensio...

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Imaging Findings of Pulmonary Nocardiosis Mimicking Bronchiectasis

By Lianmin Bao, Heping Lin, Ling Dong, Qing Zhang, Zongxiao Shangguan

Nocardia species usually cause opportunistic infections, and the frequency of these infections is increasing owing to the growing population of immunocompromised hosts. However, Nocardia may sometimes causes an infectious disease in immunocompetent hosts. Herein, we report two cases of pulmonary n...

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Giant Pelvic Adenoma Originating from Ectopic Prostatic Tissue

By Xiao-Qing Lu, Hai-Ping Hu, Zhi-Cheng Cong, Jian-Di Yu

Ectopic prostatic tissue detected outside the genitourinary system has been rarely reported. A case with a giant pelvic adenoma that originated from ectopic prostatic tissue is presented. A 71-year male was detected with lower abdominal mass for eight months and recurrent acute urinary retention f...

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Understanding Constipation: A Cross-sectional Study from a Developing Country Setting

By Minaz Mawani, Abdul Azeem, Sakina Gheewala, Nazish Butt, Shahab Abid

A cross-sectional study was conducted in the Gastroenterology Clinics of The Aga Khan Hospital and Jinnah Postgraduate Medical Centre in Karachi. All patients complaining of constipation were included. Patients with alarm features were excluded. Interviews were conducted by trained doctors using a...

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The Relationship between Liver Injury and Serum Levels of C-Reactive Protein and Procalcitonin in Patients with Acute Pancreatitis

By Xiujiang Li, Yuanping Cao, Zhenyu Liu, Haiming Chen, Hongtao Mao

Acute pancreatitis (AP) can cause damage to multiple organs in the whole body, and the liver is one of the most frequently affected by AP. Ninety-six AP patients, consisting 67 patients with liver injury, were enrolled. They were classified as mild AP (MAP) and severe AP (SAP), according to the At...

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Combined Effect of Aerobic and Resistance Interval Training on Ejection Fraction in Myocardial Infarction

By Hania Farheen, Zara Khalid, Muhammad Iqbal Tariq, Tahira Sadiq, Imran Amjad, Tahir Ramzan

This study was conducted to determine whether combination of aerobic and resistance interval training had superior effects than aerobic interval training alone on ejection fraction, cholesterol, and triglycerides in myocardial infarction patients, at Pakistan Railway General Hospital Rawalpindi fr...

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Gingival Myiasis Affecting an Alzheimer Patient

By Sonia Nath, Shaju Jacob Pulikkotil

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Gallstone Abscess due to Spilled Gallstones after Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy

By Sohail Saqib Chatha, Mahwish Farooq

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Sarcoidosis Presenting as Multifocal Bursitis

By Jae Hyun Jung, Gwan Gyu Song, Jae-Hoon Kim

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Use of PowerLab in Handgrip Force Measurement

By Ayesha Sadiqa, Farida Munawar, Rida Muzaffar, Maham Abid, Zunaira Asghar, Nayab Fatima

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Special Issue

Special Supplement 3 | Volume 28 | September 2018
Anaesthetic Management of a Patient with Left Ventricular Non-Compaction Undergoing Laparotomy

By Anwar ul Huda, Tauseef Ahmed

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Senning Procedure for Transposition of the Great Arteries in a Patient with Situs Inversus Totalis and Dextrocardia

By Iqbal Hussain Pathan, Sohail Khan Bangash, Saad Bader Zaki, Abdul Sattar Sheikh

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Patent Ductus Arteriosus with Infective Vegetations in Grandmultipara

By Ayesha Siddiqa, Nasira Sohail

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Large Aneurysm in Renal Angiomyolipoma

By Ateeque Ahmed Khan, Samiya Saquib, Rabia Hafeez, Sarosh Kadri

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MRI Appearances of Colitis Cystica Profunda: A Rare Benign Mimicker of Colorectal Malignancy

By Laiba Masood, Sana Sayeed, Maryam Asghar

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Massive Osteolysis in Distal Shaft of Humerus: A Case Report on Vanishing Bone Disease

By Sana Noman, Seema Faiz, Sohail Ahmed Khan, Amjad Sattar

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Acrophobia in a Young Girl with Parathyroid Hormone Resistance (Pseudohypoparathyroidism)

By Mehwish Gilani, Asif Ali Memon, Naveed Asif, Nida Basharat

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Thiamine Responsive Megaloblastic Anaemia, Diabetes Mellitus and Sensorineural Hearing Loss in a Child

By Ayesha Khurshid, Sarah Fatima, Chaudhry Altaf, Hamid Saeed Malik, Zunera Sajjad, Muhammad Tahir Khadim

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An Unusual Presentation of Langerhans Cell Histiocytosis

By Usama Rehman, Zafar Ali, Nadira Mamoon

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Invasive Community Acquired Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcal Aureus (CA-MRSA) Infections in Children

By Muhammad Khalid, Samina Junejo, Fatima Mir

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Endovascular Aortic Repair for Thoracic Aortic Injuries

By Omer Ehsan, Usama Khalid Choudry, Atif Rana, Zahid Amin Khan

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Cerebral Abscess caused by Novel Species: Streptococcus Pluranimalium

By Abeera Ahmed, Gohar Zaman, Adeel Gardezi, Luqman Satti, Nargis Sabir, Aliya Haleem

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Management of Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome Associated with Severe Micrognathia

By Muhammad Nazir Khan, Muhamamd Adil Asim, Irfan Shah

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Multidisciplinary Approach for Management of a Patient with Oral Mucosal Malignant Melanoma

By Prashanti Eachempati, Himanshi Aggarwal, Vidya Kamalaksh Shenoy, Mohan Baliga

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Proximal Tibial Osteochondroma Leading to Chronic Compartment Syndrome

By Jitendra Wadhwani, Sumedha Vashishth, Ramchander Siwach, Rajesh Rohilla

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Mabry Syndrome in a Child of South Asian Descent

By Amir Humza Sohail, Muhammad Younus Khan Durrani, Shahnaz Hamid Ibrahim, Khadija Nuzhat Humayun

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Hereditary Hemorrhagic Telangiectasia – Early Childhood Presentation with Hepatic Failure

By Syeda Shaheera Hashmi, Nighat Haider, Munir Iqbal Malik

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Enzyme Replacement Therapy in Hypophosphatasia

By S. Ahmet Uçaktürk, Selin Elmaogullari, Sevim Ünal, Deniz Gönülal, Eda Mengen

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Hybrid Lesion of Congenital Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation and Bronchopulmonary Sequestration

By Arshad Khushdil, Raazia Nawaz, Asma Razzaq, Naveed Ahmed

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Hybrid Lesion: Extralobar Sequestration with Cystic Adenomatoid Malformation – Misdiagnosed as Pulmonary Tuberculosis

By Fatima Naumeri, Muhammad Nadeem Sajjad

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Single Bilateral Undivided TRAM Flap for a Bilateral Breasts Reconstruction Including Intermammary Presternal Skin Defect Coverage

By Junaid Ahmad, Roomana Akhlaque, Moazzam Nazeer Tarar

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Effects of Combined Aerobic and Virtual Reality-Based Cognitive Training on 76 Years Old Diabetic Male with Mild Cognitive Impairment

By Raana Ali Mirza, Irum Yaqoob

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A Case Study on the Effectiveness of Cognitive and Behavioural Approaches for Diabetic Patient with Cardiac Disease

By Asiya Khalid, Mahwesh Arooj Naz

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Gunshot Injury of Head and Neck Region with an Atypical Bullet Trajectory: The Importance of Whole Body Computed Tomography Scan

By Yusuf Velioglu, Ahmet Yuksel, Baris Durgun

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Diagnosis and Treatment of Paratesticular Adenomatoid Tumors

By Ahmet Urkmez, Serkan Akan, Emrah Ozsoy, Aytac Sahin, Orhan Koca, Metin Ishak Ozturk

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A Case of Multiple Myeloma with Triple Herpes Virus Infections

By Misbah Noor, Saifullah Khan Niazi, Fatima Sana, Syed Kamran Mahmood

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HIV Negative Penile Kaposi's Sarcoma in Circumcised Men

By Ahmet Urkmez, Serkan Akan, Emrah Ozsoy

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